However the author inquires if such measures had been effectively responsible for the promotion of adjustment. Therefore the Brazilian process of adjustment if differs deeply in relation to the foreseen one for the authorities and the occurrence in other countries, being that the exportations had had a next behavior to the foreseen one, whereas the importations had behaved of unsupicious form with a bigger fall that the foreseen one, amongst the responsible ones for this fall are the not-ferrous metals, the chemical products, the siderurgical paper and cellulose, fertilizers and products. In its subcaptulo the strategy of 74 the author displays the situation Brazilian economy that into the period incurs into an uncommon commercial deficit, result of the explosive growth of the importations. Ahead of the problem the government possesss two answers the financing or the adjustment. While countries as U.S.A., Holland and Germany if launch to the readjustment of its economies, Brazil reiterate its option for the growth with indebtedness, refusing themselves to brake it the growth of the economy. The government installed in 1974 announces through its National Plan of Development (II PND), that Brazil will be pledged in covering the area of border of the subdesenvolvimento. By means of action as the consolidation of a modern economy by means of implantation of new sectors, creation and adaptation of technologies, adjustment to the new realities of the world-wide economy, new stage in the effort of national integration and strategy of social development, clearly leaving the active presence of the state, and thus conceiving Brazil as a country in development process. To make with that the existing resources were applied to the vital sectors to the Brazilian economic development as in siderurgy, not-ferrous fertilizers, petrochemical and metals, the government implemented governmental incentives as tax incentives or financial. The Brazilian option was bold, therefore instead of preventing problems, it searched to attack them for the root, being about a lasting and not only transitory solution for the crisis of the oil.