Main article: Cathedral of Seville
Seville The Seville Cathedral is the cathedral world’s largest Christian church and the third in size, after St Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican in Rome St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. In 1987 was declared by the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Its construction began in 1401, staying on the site after the demolition of the former Mosque of Seville Aljama. The construction was carried out over several centuries and therefore have various types of architecture: Gothic (1433-1528), Renaissance (1528-1593), Baroque (1618-1758), Academic (1758-1823) and neogothic ( 1825-1928).
The monumental complex of the Cathedral complement the Giralda, Patio de los Naranjos and the Chapel Royal.
El Patio de los Naranjos is a rectangular space, as an inner courtyard, which acts as a cloister of the Cathedral. Today, (2008) the Patio de los Naranjos is one of the annexes of the most visited Cathedral.
The Chapel Royal of acting as head of the cathedral. In this chapel is located in the pantheon of the King Ferdinand III and his son, Alfonso X, along with the graves of some other members of the royal family of the time. It is the Gothic image of the Virgin de los Reyes, patron saint of the Archdiocese of Seville. Note also the treasures of the temple and a large number of paintings by Murillo, as portraits of San Isidoro and San Leandro tables as Santa Teresa de Zurbaran, or sculpted head of John the Baptist. The tomb of Cristobal Colon, Arturo Melida mausoleum work is in the right arm of the transept of the Cathedral. In 2006, a research team at the Laboratory of Genetic Identification at the University of Granada confirmed that the remains of Christopher Columbus are in the Cathedral of Seville.
The metropolitan council is the custodian of the Cathedral, allowing tourists to visit and maintain the daily liturgy and the celebration of the great feasts of Corpus Christi and the Immaculate Conception. It also handles ongoing devotion to the Virgen de los Reyes, Seville and patron of the Archdiocese of Seville.
Giralda in Seville.
The Giralda is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville and the tower is more representative of the city. It measures 97.5 meters high and was built in the twelfth century as a minaret of the Almohad mosque now defunct, the image of the minaret of the mosque Kutubia Marrakech (Morocco). His coronation Renaissance work of Hernan Ruiz, was built between 1558 and 1568 commissioned by the cathedral chapter. It consists of three bodies and staggered 25 bells, each named with a name.
The lower two thirds of the tower corresponds to the minaret of the mosque in the old city, the end of the twelfth century, Almohad at the time, while the upper third is a shot in added time to house the Christian bells. the best song, Halo, by At its top is called a ball pitcher on which stands the Giraldillo, bronze statue that features vane and was one of the greatest sculptures of the Renaissance in Europe. In 1928 the Giralda was declared a National Heritage in 1987 and is listed World Heritage sites.
The history of the construction of the Giralda is initiated by the Muslim body. Built in 1184 by order of the caliph Abu Yaqub Yusuf. Was based on the minaret of the mosque Kutubia Marrakech (Morocco). Following an earthquake in 1365 the former area was lost original copper crowns the tower, which was replaced by a single minaret. Then in the sixteenth century, the body was added bells and also built an auction in the form of a statue representing Faith The statue was installed in 1568. The word comes from turning giralda and refers to “weather vane tower has shown that human or animal.” Over time, that name was renamed to the tower as a whole became known figure to the crown as the Giraldillo. At the viewpoint of the Giralda bell tower rises some ramps are designed to climb on a horse. Once you can see above an overview of the entire city.
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