Declared by Unesco as a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site in 1979, is considered a unique place in the world due to isolation from the Andes Mountains and its highest peak located just 42 km from the sea. It covers all the floors that are thermal in Colombian territory, as well as different biomes that make up the forest, montane forest and the Andean paramos.
Also part of the park belonging to some 30,000 aboriginal tribes, including Kogui and Arhuacos, which managed to resist the penetration of Europe. In 1973 the project Arqueologico de la Sierra, which gave way to finding the Lost City, which lies within the park and is testimony of one of the oldest culture in the country, the Tayrona. Unfortunately the park has been seriously threatened by illicit crops and the deforestation of the slopes of the mountain.

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