VENEZUELA. Village … VENEZUELA: average annual growth rate of. POPULATION … VENEZUELA (population): Participation in the market …
R mulo Betancourt, considered by many to “The Father of Democracia .
The Air Force bombarded the El Fortin Solano during Portenazo in 1962.
Main article: History of Venezuela since 1958
The new era brought about democratic changes in political and economic. In his government will not grant more concessions to multinational oil companies, was founded Venezuelan Petroleum Corporation, and I believe OPEC in 1960 by Juan Pablo Perez Alfonzo. Agrarian reform is a concrete and adopted a new constitution in 1961. The new order had its antagonists. At a military parade, President suffered an attack planned by the Dominican dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, and leftists outside the Covenant began an armed insurgency, organized in the Armed Forces of National Liberation, sponsored by the Communist Party. In 1962 attempted destabilization via the military, with two failed uprisings in Carupano and Puerto Cabello. In parallel, Betancourt promoted in an international doctrine that only recognized governments elected by popular vote.
In the 1963 elections was elected Ra l Leoni. His platform consisted of a coalition of parties to “broad-based, integrating AD, URD and the NDF. Although his government was in harmony and understanding, he had to deal with guerrilla attacks. Among these highlights to the invasion beaches Machurucuto in 1967. Seeing that rendia little fruit, most of the guerrillas left the armed struggle in that year. Leoni’s government also stands out for public works and cultural development.
Rafael Caldera won the following elections. Before taking office in 1969, she insurgency Rupununi in Guyana, which represent an opportunity to annex the Essequibo, claimed by Venezuela. In this context, I sign the Protocol of Port of Spain in 1970. Final truce pact with the guerrillas and assure their return to political life, legalizing andalusia PCV. In 1974, took Carlos Andr s P rez. In those years it became obvious the lavish foreign exchange earnings and high standards of living that acquired the population, leading to the meaning of the Saudi Venezuela. In 1975 to nationalize the industry, iron and oil next year, creating PDVSA. Both Perez and Caldera partially tore the Doctrine Betancourt.
In 1979, Luis Herrera Campins was invested as president. Opened multiple cultural and sports facilities. While oil revenues continued to rise, could not be prevented from borrowing in international finances, forcing the attachment to the opinions of the IMF. In 1983 he devalued the bolivar in the Black Friday, triggering a serious economic crisis. In the government of Jaime Lusinchi, would be little to counter it. Increased corruption and economic policy remained the revenue line. Moreover, in 1987, lived one of the greatest moments of international tension, when the Colombian corvette ARC Caldas entering the Gulf of Venezuela, crisis in the dispute over sovereignty in the gulf between the two nations.
Carlos Andr s P rez was re-elected in 1988. Seeking to resolve the crisis, measures that have led large protests’ the Caracazo 1989. There were two attempts of coup d’etat in February and November 1992. Perez was finally ousted by Congress in 1993. Octavio Lepage was interim president for a few days, until the historian and parliamentarian Jose Ramon Velazquez was appointed as interim.
Caldera comes to power for the second time in 1994. He had to handle a strong banking crisis in 1994. Intervention and the collapse of a dozen banks ended with the flight of capital, also causing the collapse of companies. To stem the crisis, beginninga policy of privatization, but the serious economic situation would continue. The situation catalyzes the decay of political parties that had been active since the mid-twentieth century.
The 1992 coup leader, Hugo Chavez, is a favorite irguio as the 1998 presidential election, was elected. Was supported by partisan alliance “Patriotico Polo”, which was looking for a government based on socialist ideas and positive change. Then promoted a new constitution, which was adopted by referendum in December 1999, while in Vargas was a natural disaster caused by heavy rains.
In 2001, Chavez enacted 49 laws on land administration, with an allotment of the National Assembly, as part of its platform as called Bolivarian Revolution, creating conflicts with the opposition, as well as declines in popularity. This led to a national strike called by the Venezuelan Workers Confederation and the business chamber (Fedecamaras).
The policies of the government of Chavez led marches and demonstrations of rejection and support.
In 2002 began the large protests against him. The Venezuelan population is distributed throughout the … Distribution of population. Animal Agriculture. Indigenous groups in Venezuela …
In Venezuela, the proportion of young people with regard to the total population … states with the highest density of population in Venezuela is the Capital District and …
Search. INE … Seek. INE. SEN. Physical appearance. Demography. ECONOMY. SOCIAL. ENVIRONMENTAL …