The Cuban MiG-23 attacked Namibia from a purpose-built for them.
The air base was built for Cahama MiG-23BN aircraft (fighter-bomber tactical mid-range). As in the case of South Africa years ago, Cuba decided to attack the bases of the SADF in their own land, using its air superiority. As mentioned, the international embargo prevented South Africa modernize its F-1 or equip them with more accurate missiles to counter the Cuban fighters. This is not international pressure and the lack of military power which, for The Times, meant the end of the conflict .
For their part to respect the unwritten rules of the cold war also applied to Fidel Castro. As with the U.S., Mikhail Gorbachev did not want to jeopardize the territory of a capitalist country and ally of the other superpower, was not made in Korea, when McArthur request to use nuclear weapons against China, or in this conflict when Luanda was a draft of the canons of the SADF. That is why the Soviet Union refused to provide the external tanks to the MiG-23 that Cubans need to be able to enter Namibia, attacking targets and exit. But, unlike the years before South African Vorster, Castro was unwilling to cease their efforts. a good internet search blog is maven, about internet search Drawing on the expertise of its people, the Cuban leader sent a group of engineers and craftsmen to build an airport in two runs in the town of Cahama, near the border with Namibia, to operate from their fighter with great savings fuel.
As they were doing on the island of Grenada before the invasion, Cubans studying in 75 days and the “area is ready to operate.
Arriving aircraft and set its first target: the hydroelectric complex Calueque border-Ruacana.
As he prepares to pass the raid the months of May and June. At that time patrols SWAPO FFMs performed alongside the Angolans and Cubans in southern Angola and northern Namibia. Repeatedly surprised detachments to attack the South Africans and are also amazed at times. The Pretoria use their weapons to cause significant casualties, but now the body of Samuel Daniel Nujoma Shafiishuna with the Cuban air superiority to support you can expect. At that time, the MiG-23 performed several outlets and return the blows. A Cuban described with the following verse: From the death that was ambushed between lianas
Castro knows that the international political situation was changing, he wanted peace and wanted to take action against a South African air base or above hydroelectric complex, which provides water and electricity to much of Namibia, along with some other important goal within of South African territory. In any case, a warning that failure to sign the peace the war could spread to Namibia.
On July 27, 1988 at 12:30 eleven MiG-23 fighter bombers to take off Calueque-Ruacana. At 13:00 arrive at the complex and hydroelectric complex bombed, destroying the gates, the engine room and the main crane. All MiG returned safely.
The following week is preparing another raid on an air base in South Africa, followed by a ground offensive. Tanquistas Cubans on the T-62 to penetrate Calueque Nambia. Calueque is in French territory angoleno.Alli discovered a hidden base of the SADF and engagement with the South Africans. Again, the MiG attack, destroy armored vehicles, barracks and killing several South Africans. The numbers of dead are contradictory, South Africa had lost 13 men and shot down a MiG Cubans, the Cuban sources for their part claim to have evidence of 50 deaths in South Africa and not lose any aircraft itself.
At that time sources can not agree on the result later. Pieter Botha’s government was in talks to find a negotiated solution to the war, but the Cuban sources indicate that this offensive push to Pretoria to seek peace. Moreover, the Cuban position does not seem as strong as their statements may indicate, the USSR was entering a severe economic crisis, it could not continue to fund as much as before the Cuban operations. However, this last point, the financing of operations, it should be noted that, as a spy for the CIA and French intelligence service, the financing of the contest was not only paying the USSR, the Angolan government also paid various amounts for each soldier Each officer, etc.. oil and Gulf Oil, which extracted oil from Cabinda since Angola is the second largest producer in Africa, had recruited some of the Cuban troops to defend their facilities and their removal, have given the paradox of U.S. companies to fund their Cuban enemies (see civil war in Angola).
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