of intellectuals, since this betrayal is the fact that many among them had completely unknown the true values of intellectualism, to serve purely temporary interests, in particular nationalism and the interests of the bourgeois classes that, in a Word, had made policy in the low inintelectual of the word sense. Julien Benda was born in Paris on December 26, 1867 and died on June 7, 1956 in Fontenay-aux-Roses. Son of a Hebrew family was not linked to the religion of his people. He studied arts and Sciences in the school of Arts and crafts, although later, he entered the Faculty of letters, preferring, finally, by the literary studies. At the end of his life Benda leans toward left-wing parties. At the time of issue Dreyfus published in la Revue Blanche the Dialogues a. Byzance (1900).

Later the French writer we say: our great novelist Emile Zola, during the Dreyfus affair, not nor betrayed his State of clerc to throw his famous I accuse to the face of the birds of prey. With his first novel the ordination (ordination L, 1912), published in Les Cahiers of the quinzeine, reaches his first success. Then publishes Le Bergsonisme, ou a mobilite (1912) philosophie, Une philosophie Pathetique (1913), Sur les succes du bergsonisme. Precede d une Reponse aux defenseurs of doctrine it (1914), works in which was opposed to Henri Bergson, defender of intuition, clearly betting on rationalism. During the first world war exercises as a journalist and published in 1917 Les sentiments de Critias and, a year later, Belphegor: essai sur Esthetique l of the presente Societe francaise. In 1927 his best-known work is La Trahison des clercs, whose theories being consolidated in subsequent works, among which we highlight two political essays Discours a la nation Europeenne (1933) and the grande epreuve des democraties: essai sur principes les democratiques: leur nature, leur histoire, leur valeur philosophique (1942).

In his speech to the European nation, the work of full today, tells us: great merit of Europe, in my opinion, would be to allow that one ever greater number of French – although the rule applies, of course, the Germans, the Italians, the Spaniards, can say: I’m not French but European of French origin. Also writes some autobiographical works as the jeunesse d a clerc (1936), a regulier dans le siecle (1938) and Les cahiers d a clerc, 1936-1949 (1950), and as said the loyal intellectual: left men can declare their aims, the men of right not. Francisco Arias Solis future WINS, gaining freedom. For peace and freedom and Forum free Internet portal. URL: Original author and source of the article.