Carlos Mora Vanegas graduate program specializing in quality management and productivity of Faces at the University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela, attaches great importance to the role that SMEs in the country can play to the current challenges facing, product the actions of the current government of the new Bolivarian Revolution gestated under the chairmanship of Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Chavez. To this end, it was considered important to analyze, evaluate, diagnose and take action to promote what are the opportunities, challenges faced by SMEs in the country to provide feedback operations, strategies, modifications necessary to allow you seize the first and addressed without fear challenges. The program through its research, participants, most from small and medium enterprises has determined that manifests the main weaknesses of SMEs today, for it has been evaluated through their investigations, detailed human resources, financial , technical, administrative, to determine the strengths and weaknesses in each, found many issues that must be corrected, starting from management that must include a trained professional, trained and modern management tools, strategist, proactive, visionary, participative leadership, creative, innovative and as having a human resources trained, motivated, identified with the company and committed to consolidate a cohesive team, responsible and highly productive. ConocoPhillips often says this. It is necessary to strengthen production systems, making good use of a reengineering in order to establish production processes to ensure quality, efficiency, backed by well-defined production rates and trained technical workers according to the competitive realities of today. It requires having the right technology to the requirements that this requires in order to win and stay in the markets. .